What is DeFi yield farming?

Potential investors often inquire about the concept of yield farming in the blockchain and cryptocurrency realm. Decentralized Finance (DeFi) yield farming is a practice where users actively engage in providing liquidity to decentralized protocols in exchange for earning rewards, typically in the form of additional tokens or interest. In essence, yield farmers contribute their digital assets to liquidity pools or other decentralized financial platforms, enabling these platforms to function effectively. In return, farmers receive a share of the transaction fees generated by the protocol or, in some cases, newly minted tokens. Yield farming has gained popularity due to its potential for higher returns compared to traditional financial instruments. The dynamic and rapidly evolving nature of the DeFi space contributes to the ongoing innovation and experimentation within the ecosystem.

How does Yield Farming Work?

Yield farming operates by users providing liquidity to decentralized finance (DeFi) protocols. Users lock up their crypto assets in smart contracts, contributing to liquidity pools that facilitate various DeFi functions, such as trading or lending. In return for providing liquidity, users receive rewards in the form of additional tokens or interest. The yield is generated from transaction fees, interest payments, or newly minted tokens. Participants can optimize their yield farming strategies by exploring different protocols and adapting to changing market conditions.

Returns in yield farming- how is it calculated?

This is a key concern for every investor, as they entrust their cryptocurrencies with the expectation of earning interest. To understand this process, let's explore how returns are typically calculated in Yield Farming, with the most common method being on an annual basis. Now, let's delve into some prevalent terms within the industry.

Annual Percentage Rate (APR): APR represents the annualized interest rate charged on a loan or the cost of borrowing, expressed as a percentage.

Calculation: APR considers only the interest rate and any associated fees, excluding compounding effects. It is calculated by taking the periodic interest rate and multiplying it by the number of periods in a year.

Annual Percentage Yield (APY): APY reflects the total return on an investment or deposit, accounting for compounding interest over a year.

Calculation: APY considers the effect of compounding on the interest earned or paid. It is calculated by taking the nominal interest rate and accounting for how often the interest is compounded during the year.

DeFi yield financing platforms and protocols

Compound Finance

Compound Finance is a lending protocol that allows users to earn interest by supplying assets to lending pools. Borrowers can then utilize these funds by providing collateral.


Aave is a decentralized lending platform that enables users to lend and borrow a variety of cryptocurrencies. It incorporates features like flash loans and variable interest rates.


MakerDAO is a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) that operates the Maker protocol. It facilitates the creation of the stablecoin DAI through collateralized debt positions (CDPs) and smart contracts.


Uniswap is a decentralized exchange (DEX) that employs automated market-making (AMM) to enable users to swap various tokens directly from their wallets. Liquidity providers earn fees in return for providing liquidity.


Synthetix is a decentralized platform that allows users to mint and trade synthetic assets, providing exposure to a variety of real-world assets without holding the underlying assets.

Benefits of DeFi Yield Farming

Enhanced Returns

DeFi yield farming offers the potential for higher returns compared to traditional savings or investment options.


Participants have direct control over their funds without reliance on centralized intermediaries, promoting financial inclusivity and reducing counterparty risk.

Diverse Opportunities

Yield farmers can diversify their strategies across various DeFi platforms, optimizing their portfolios for different market conditions.

Liquidity Provision Rewards

Users earn rewards, such as additional tokens or a share of transaction fees, for providing liquidity to decentralized protocols.

Smart Contract Automation

Automated smart contracts execute predefined rules, streamlining processes and reducing the need for manual intervention in various financial activities.

Community Governance:

Some DeFi protocols operate as decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs), allowing users to participate in governance decisions and shape the direction of the platform.